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Acceptor A runner with a paid up acceptance fee by its connections to start in a race.
Added Weight A horse carrying more weight than is required, eg, jockey exceeds the weight.
Age Of Horse Birthday of horse always on 1st August each year.
All In A bet taken usually at fixed odds early in betting.
Also Ran A horse who finishes out of the money.
Apprentice Claim Weight concession to an apprentice rider.
Apprentice Rider Normally under contract to a stable, learning to ride.
Approximates The approximate tote odds on offer before the final pool is closed.
Average Place Dividend (APD) The total of all place dividends paid for a horse on its place results, divided by that number of races where it placed.
Average Win Dividend (AWD) The total of all winning dividends paid for a horse on its win results, divided by that number of wins.
Back To have a bet or wager on a horse.
Backed Off The Map A runner heavily backed in betting.
Bagman Bookmakers personel responsible for settling up on bets at racecourses.
Bailed Up A runner racing inside other runners and unable to get clear running.
Bandage Strips of cloth wound around the lower part of a horse’s legs for support or protection against injury.
Barrier Starting gate stall a horse will start from in a race.
Barrier Blanket Assists horses who protest being loaded in the barrier starting gates.
Barrier Draw The race club ballot held to decide the barrier a horse will start from.
Betfair Horse racing trading was arguably invented by Betfair’s betting exchange. … You can even trade the horse race when it’s in play. Trading, for the inexperienced, is where a punter backs a horse at high odds, before later laying the same horse at lower odds, or vice versa, in order to guarantee a profit.
Birdcage A portion of the racecourse where the runners are paraded before the start of a race.
Blanket Finish When many horses finish close to each other at the winning line.
Bleeder When a horse bleeds from the lungs during or after running.
Blinkers A hood worn by a horse to restrict his peripheral vision on either side.
Blowout When a previously favoured horse is unwanted in betting before the race and the bookmakers increase the odds.
Bolted During the race the horse has ran many lengths in front of the field or has won the race by many lengths. “He has bolted in.”
Bolter A winning horse at very long odds.
Bookmaker (Bookie) A person registered and licensed to accept bets from the public.
Box Trifecta Usually four or five horses are “boxed” in a trifecta. If three of the horses selected all finish in the first three placings, the punter collects for a winning trifecta.
Box/Boxed Two or more runners to finish in any order in a multiple bet such as Quinella, Exacta, Trifecta.
Boxed (in) To be trapped between other horses.
Broken Down When a horse suffered an injury
Card Racing fixture or meeting.
Checked A horse who was momentarily impeded during running.
Claim A reduction in the amount of weight carried by a horse being ridden by an apprentice.
Class The grade of the race.
Coat-Tugger Someone who offers a punter a tip then demands a percentage of their winnings.
Colours The jacket and cap worn by jockeys, also known as racing silks.
Colt An ungelded (entire) male horse three-years-old or younger.
Connections A horse’s owners and their representatives or anyone personally connected to the horse such as the jockey and training staff.
Correct Weight Weighed in correct allocated weight before dividends are declared paid.
Daily Double Select the winner in two races.
Dam Female parent of a foal.
Dead Heat A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race.
Dead Track Racing surface which is rain affected and not firm.
Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse.
Derby A stakes race for three-year-olds.
Distanced Well beaten, finishing a great distance behind the winner.
Dividend The amount paid by a Tote or bookmaker for a win or placed horse for every $1.00 invested.
Draw A horse’s starting position in the barrier starting stalls.
Drift (Ease) A horse’s odds getting shorter, ie; 5/1 into 2/1.
Dwelt Tardy in breaking from the gate.
Each way Have equal amount of money on the horse for a win and for a place.
Each Way Odds usually is four to one, you receive all your money back if it comes second or third as long as eight or more runners in race.
Eased The horse is backed off usually to find position in the race.
Eligible Qualified to start in a race, according to conditions.
Emergency Additional nominated runners are accepted but will only gain a run if others in the field are scratched. Entire
Entire An ungelded male horse.
Even Money Bet (or Evens) A 1
Exacta Select the first two horses in a race in the finishing order.
Exotics A multiple bet such as Quinella, Exacta, Trifecta, First Four & Quaddie.
Extended Running at top speed.
False Favourite A horse that is favourite for the race but you consider another selection should be favourite
Farrier A specialist in equine hoof care (a blacksmith).
Fast (track) Condition of a very dry track where fast times are recorded.
Favourite The most popular horse in betting and therefore the one who starts at the shortest odds.
Feature Race The highest rated race on the card, determined by the category of the race and the prize money.
Field All the runners in a race.
Filly Female horse three-years-old or younger.
First Four Select first four horses in the correct order in a pre selected race.
First Up The first run a horse has in a new racing campaign or preparation.
Flat race Raced on flat track surface rather than over obstacles such as Hurdles.
Flexi-Betting To invest a smaller amount than the full dollar value of the wager and receive a reduced percentage of the final dividend.
Fluctuation The movements of the odds of a runner moving up or down in the betting ring.
Form A statistical study of a horse’s previous career race performance.
Front-runner A horse with early gate speed who likes to lead in races.
Furlong Approx 200 metres.
Gallop A fast canter. Gelding
Gate Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from.
Gelding A male horse that has been castrated.
Going The condition of the racing surface (fast, good, dead, slow or heavy).
Good (track) Condition of racing surface. A firm, dry surface.
Grew Another Leg The runner suddenly improved during the race.
Group 1 Highest class of stakes race in Australia, usually above $250,000 prize money.
Group 2 Second highest class of stakes race in Australia, above $125,000 prize money.
Group 3 Third highest class of race in Australia, above $75,000 prize money.
Group Race An elite group of WFA and Handicap races run each season.
Hand Four inches. A horse’s height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder (withers) to the ground. Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands.
Hand and Heels The jockey urges a horse with hands and legs without using the whip.
Handicap A race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried. Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis.
Handicapper Club official who allocates the weights to be carried in handicap events.
Head A winning (losing) margin between horses in photo finishes.
Heavy (track) Track conditions that are heavily rain affected.
Hoop Another name for a Jockey.
Horse A “Horse” is referred to an ungelded (entire) male four-years-old or older.
Hurdle Race Contested over obstacles. A jumping race over lower fences than steeplechase races.
Impost The allocated weight carried by a horse.
In Foal Pregnant mare.
In The Money Finishing in the placings, first, second or third.
In The Red Odds in the bookmakers ring are very short, less than evens.
Judge The club official who declares the official placing’s for each race.
Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse.
Juvenile Two-year-old horse.
Knocked Up The runner stops racing in the straight usually due to a hard run in racing.
Knuckled The horse almost fell on its knees or stumbled.
Lame Pain in limbs causing deviation in normal running.
Late Mail Last minute tips that take jockeys, scratchings and track conditions/bias into account.
Late Scratching A runner that is withdrawn from the race after 8am on race day.
Lay When a bookmaker offers better odds because they believe the horse cannot win.
Length A measurement approximating the length of a horse (approx. 3 metres) used to denote margins between horses in a race.
Lengthen (Eased) A horse’s odds getting longer, ie; 2/1 out to 5/1.
Listed Race A stakes race just below a Group 3 race and above $50,000 in prize money.
Long Shot A Horse that is not expected to win and starts at long odds.
Lug In (Out) Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course.
Maiden A horse that has not won a race.
Maiden Race A race for horses who have not won a race.
Mare Female horse four-years-old or older.
Market A list of horses in a race and their respective odds or prices.
Middle Distance A race from 1600 metres (1 mile) to 2000m (1-1/4 miles).
Monkey Five Hundred Dollars. Usually a casino chip.
Moral An absolute certainty to win the race.
Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before betting begins officially for the day.
Mounting Yard The area where the horses are paraded before a race and jockeys take their mounts.
Mudlark A horse that races well on rain affected tracks especially in heavy conditions.
Mug Punter A punter that regularly loses his money when betting.
Near side Left side of a horse.
Neck Unit of measurement approximately the length of a horse’s neck.
Nominations The list of horses entered by owners and trainers for a race.
Nose Smallest margin a horse can win by. Also called a “short half head”.
Nose-roll A sheepskin roll attached to the bridle on the horses nose to keep the head in line with the body.
Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies, or females.
Odds Prices offered by a bookmaker or totalisator.
Odds-Against The prices in the betting ring are longer than even money (e.g. $4.00 for $1.00 invested.)
Odds-On Odds shorter than even money. Outlay $1 and profit less than $1 if win.
Off Side Right side of horse.
On The Nod A person betting with a bookmaker on credit.
On The Nose Betting a horse to win only.
Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third and misses a place.
Outlay The money a punter bets is called his or her outlay.
Outsider A horse that is not expected to win.
Overlay The odds on offer are better than form says they should be.
Pacifiers Hood with gauze eye covers to restrict the vision of an excitable horse.
Paddock Before the race the clerk of the course leads the horses from the saddling paddock to the mounting yard.
Penalty A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse.
Photo Finish A close finish where a photo is used to determine the placegetters.
Pig-Root The horse bucks and tries to throw the jockey.
Place Finish in the top three in a race or event in fields of eight or more horses. If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place.
Place Strike Rate (PSR) The number of races divided by the number of place results (1st, 2nd, 3rd) for a particular horse. Usually expressed as a percentage
Plunge In the bookmakers ring, a sudden rush of money for a particular horse.
Price Odds on offer for horses in a race.
Profit on Turnover (POT) Profit / Outlay = POT%
Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands.
Pulled Up To stop or slow a horse during the race.
Punt Another term for a bet or wager on a horse.
Punter Considered to be a Bettor or Investor.
Quadrella Select the winner of 4 pre nominated races on the card.
Quarantine A process used to isolate foreign horses for a short period of time to ensure they are not carrying any diseases.
Quinella Select the first two horses in a race in any order.
Rails The prime position in the bookmakers ring.
Ratings A numerical figure given to a horse to reflect their chance of winning a particular race after taking a number of form factors into account.
Restricted Races Races which only certain horses are eligible.
Return The dividend you receive on a particular bet.
Ridden Out A runner that finishes the race under average urging by the rider.
Ridden Upside Down A horse did not race in the way that suits it best, e.g. a front-runner that was ridden at the back.
Ring-In A horse that has been illegally substituted for another acceptor in a race. Eg. Fine Cotton Ring-In.
Roughie A horse which is considered to have a ‘rough’ chance of winning a race.
Running Double Select the winner in two consecutive races.
Saddle Cloth Cloth under the saddle displaying the horses number.
Scratched A horse is said to be “scratched” when it was taken out of a race.
Second Up Next run after a first up run, following spell of 90 days or more.
Shadow Roll (Nose Roll) Usually a lamb’s wool roll half way up the horse’s face to keep him from seeing his own shadow.
Short Price Low odds where a punter will get a small return for their initial outlay.
Shorten (Tighten) When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been placed on that horse by punters.
Silks Jacket and Cap worn by jockeys to identify themselves.
Sire Father of a horse.
Slow (track) A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy.
SP (Starting price) The odds prevailing on a particular horse in the on-course fixed-odds betting market at the time a race begins
SP Bookmaker An illegal bookie, a person that takes bets without a licence.
Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Usually three months.
Sprint Short race, less than 1600 metres.
Stake Betting amount placed on a horse
Stakes Prize money allotted for a horse race and paid to owners and connections.
Stakes Horse A horse who races predominantly in stakes races.
Stallion A male horse used for breeding.
Starter (horse) Participating horse in a race.
Starter (person) The official responsible for starting a race.
Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles.
Stewards The group of people who control the day’s racing under the rules of racing.
Stick A jockey’s whip.
Stipes Another term for the Stewards. (Or Stipendiary Stewards)
Stone Motherless The horse was last in the race.
Straight Six Select the winner of six consecutive pre nominated races.
Strapper A horse’s attendant who assists the trainer and helps care for the horse.
Stretch (home-Stretch) Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish.
Stud 1. Male horse used for breeding. 2. A breeding farm.
Sure Thing A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race.
Suspension The period of time a jockey or trainer is suspended due to an infraction of the rules of racing.
Swooper A horse that likes to finish on from the tail of the field at the end of the race.
Thoroughbred Thoroughbred is a breed of horses bred specifically for horse racing.
Tipster A person who makes selections for a race on which horses they believe will win.
Top Fluc A bet accepting the odds which are the highest fluctuation in the betting ring.
Top Weight Horse allocated the most weight in a race – Has the number one saddlecloth.
Totalisator (Tote) The system of betting on races (an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets) in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.
Totalisator Agency Board (TAB) The Totalisator Agency Board, universally shortened to TAB or T.A.B., is the name given to monopoly totalisator organisations in Australia and New Zealand. They operate betting shops and online betting. They were originally government owned, but in Australia most have been privatised.
Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface. Fast; good; Dead; Slow; Heavy.
Track Conditions The rating given to a racetrack on race day.
Track Record Fastest time for a distance at a particular track.
Trail A Trail or Sit is racing immediately behind another horse in a race to get cover.
Treble A bet involving three consecutive races nominated by the TAB.
Trifecta A wager selecting the first 3 runners of a race.
Under Double Wraps The horse won easily without extending to its full ability.
Under Wraps Horse under strong restraint in a race or workout.
Underlay Odds offered for a horse is shorter than it deserves by its past performances.
Unders A runner whose odds are too short in relation to its chances of winning.
Untried Not raced or not raced at a certain distance.
Wager Another term for a bet on a horse.
Walkover A race in which only one horse competes.
Warned Off A licensed person is forbidden from entering a racecourse or associating with other licensed people.
Weigh In (Out) The certification, by the clerk of scales, of a jockey’s weight before or after a race. A jockey weighs in fully dressed with all gears (saddles and lead bag) except for his/her helmet and whip.
Weight-For-Age The purpose of weight-for-age is to allow horses of different age and sex to compete on equal terms. The weight a horse carried is allocated on a set scale according to its sex and age.
Well-Held The horse won easily without being fully extended. Win
Win Strike Rate (WSR) The number of races divided by the number of wins for a particular horse. Usually expressed as a percentage
Winkers Sheepskin which attaches to the cheek straps of the bridle to keep the horses attention forward.
Write Your Own Ticket The horse is so unlikely to win a bookie would give you any odds you asked for.
Yearling A young horse, a 2Y0.

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